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Biotin, a water-soluble B vitamin, acts as a co-enzyme during the metabolism of protein, fats and carbohydrates. It is essential for the breakdown of fatty acids and carbohydrates in the diet for conversion into energy, for the manufacture of fats and for excretion of the by-products of protein breakdown.
Biotin is required for the synthesis of pancreatic amylase and niacin. Biotin may also be involved in the synthesis and release of insulin.
Weakness, tiredness, poor appetite, hair loss and depression. Severe deficiency may cause eczema of the face and body and inflammation of the tongue.
Organ meats, oatmeal, egg yolk, soy, mushrooms, bananas, peanuts, and brewer's yeast. Bacteria in the intestine produce significant amounts of biotin, which is probably available for absorption and use by the body.
GRAS- Generally recognized as safe. No adverse reactions, side effects or overdose symptoms expected when taken within the recommended amounts.
No adverse effects have been reported as a result of taking biotin supplements during pregnancy or lactation.
As a water-soluble vitamin, excess intake of biotin is excreted in the urine; no toxicity symptoms have been reported.
Long-term antibiotic use can interfere with biotin production in the intestine and increase the risk of deficiency symptoms. Long-term use of anti-seizure medications may also lead to biotin deficiency.
The information provided on this site is for educational purposes only. Neither the information provided nor products supplied or offered should be construed to be in any way substitutes for medical attention or prescribed medication. Consult with your healthcare professional before taking any supplements or herbal remedies if you are suffering from an undiagnosed illness or if you are on prescribed medication.