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Wednesday, 25 September 2013
Binge drinking and extreme binge drinking are common among high school seniors, according to research from the University of Michigan. Consuming five or more alcoholic drinks in a row is common among high school seniors, with some students engaging in extreme binge drinking of as many as 15 or more drinks, according to a study published by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.
Alcohol consumption by adolescents is a public health problem in the United States as it often is assumed is the case in Ireland. Binge drinking, commonly defined as four or more drinks for women and five or more drinks for men, can cause injury, impaired driving and alcohol poisoning, as well as cause long-term risks such as liver damage, alcohol dependence and alterations to the developing brains of adolescents, according to the study background.
Young men were more likely than young women to engage in all levels of binge drinking, as were white compared with black students. Students whose parents were college educated had greater odds of binge drinking but lower odds of extreme binge drinking (15 or more drinks), the results indicate.
The authors note that while binge drinking, specifically, and the frequency of drinking, generally, have decreased among adolescents since record high levels in the late 1970s and early 1980s and have continued since 2005 to decrease, extreme binge drinking has not shown such declines since 2005, the study notes.
In a representative sample of 16,332 high school seniors, researchers found 20.2 percent reported binge drinking, which is defined as five or more drinks in a row, in the last two weeks. A further 10.5 percent reported consuming 10 or more drinks in row, and 5.6 percent reported consuming 15 or more drinks, both of which fall into the category of extreme binge drinking.
SOURCE: JAMA Pediatrics, September 2013