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Wednesday, 02 May 2018
Researchers found that women and men who maintained the healthiest lifestyles were 82% less likely to die from cardiovascular disease and 65% less likely to die from cancer when compared with those with the least healthy lifestyles over the course of the roughly 30-year study period.
This particular study is the first comprehensive analysis of the impact of adopting low-risk lifestyle factors on life expectancy.
Harvard Chan researchers looked at 34 years of data from 78,865 women and 27 years of data from 44,354 men participating in, respectively, the Nurses' Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. The researchers looked at how five low-risk lifestyle factors -- not smoking, low body mass index (18.5-24.9 kg/m2), at least 30 minutes or more per day of moderate to vigorous physical activity, moderate alcohol intake and a healthy diet might impact mortality.
For participants who didn't adopt any of the low-risk lifestyle factors, the researchers estimated that life expectancy at age 50 was 29 years for women and 25.5 years for men. But for those who adopted all five low-risk factors, life expectancy at age 50 was projected to be 43.1 years for women and 37.6 years for men. In other words, women who maintained all five healthy habits gained, on average, 14 years of life, and men who did so gained 12 years, compared with those who didn't maintain healthy habits.
Compared with those who didn't follow any of the healthy lifestyle habits, those who followed all five were 74% less likely to die during the study period. The researchers also found that there was a dose-response relationship between each individual healthy lifestyle behavior and a reduced risk of early death, and that the combination of all five healthy behaviors was linked with the most additional years of life.
Diet and vitamins play a crucial role in maintaining optimum health. Sona has a wide range of vitamins to suits all needs. A good general vitamin to take for overall health is the MultiPlus range that contains all the vitamins and mineals necessary for a healthy and well-balanced lifestyle. See www.sona.ie for the full range of products.
Materials provided by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.
1. Yanping Li, An Pan, Dong D. Wang, Xiaoran Liu, Klodian Dhana, Oscar H. Franco, Stephen Kaptoge, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Meir Stampfer, Walter C. Willett, Frank B. Hu. Impact of Healthy Lifestyle Factors on Life Expectancies in the US Population. Circulation, 2018; CIRCULATIONAHA.117.032047 DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.117.032047